[Japanese name = Kugi-Nuki-Hasami-Mushi]
Photo by K. Kohno (in Labo)
Family Forficulidae [Japanese family name = Kugi-Nuki-Hasami-Mushi Ka]
Morphological Variation: Male forceps are polymorphic.
- forma tomis= Macrolabic form
- forma scudderi= Cyclolabic form
Japan: Hokkaido, Middle and Nothern Honshu; Anoher countries: Sakhalin, Sibelia, Korea, Notheasten China
Mountains near plain land. This species is not always found in the mountain (Uchida, 1998; Kohno, 1998).
Seasonal Life History
This species supposed to have one generation per year with hibernation in third instar nymphs according to the observation in Morioka (Kohno, 1993). Newly emerged adults appeares in early summer.
Comments by Kohno
This species can be collected by beating bushes.
- Entomological Laboratory, Fuculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University and Japan Wildlife Research Center, 1989. A check list of Japanese insects, I. (Y. Hirashima ed.) Entomological Laboratory, Fuculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, Fukuoka and Japan Wildlife Research Center, Tokyo, 540 pp.
- Kohno, K., 1993. Life History of Forficula tomis in Morioka. Tohoku Konchu 32: 4-5. (in Japanese)
- Kohno, K., 1998. Distribution and habitat of Forficula tomis. Battarigisu 119: 9-10. (in Japanese)
- Nishikawa, M., 1970. On the genus Forficula of Japan including the Ryukyus. Kontyu 38: 75-83.
- Sakai, S., 1982. A new proposed classification of the Dermaptera with special reference to the check list of the Dermaptera of the world. Bull. Daito Bunka Univ. 20: 1-108.
- Sakai, S., 1995. Dermapterorum Catalogus XXX
- Steinmann, H., 1989. World Catalogue of Dermaptera. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
- Uchida, M., 1998. Forficula tomis have been found in Saitama prefecture. Battarigisu 118: 44. (in Japanese)
last updated on January, 2001